Evidence found by “AVAC” reveals the execution of Mahmoud Shaalan by the Israeli occupation

Overview of the child victim: Mahmoud Ali Shaalan.

Born in Florida,

Date of Birth: 24/09/1999. 16 years old.

Holds US citizenship.

Present address: Ramallah – the town of Deir Debwan – Hayan Neighborhood, tenth grade student at Der Debwan Elementary School .

No history of arrests or injuries.

Date of Death: 26/02/2016 at 4: 00-4: 30 pm on Friday, at Beit El military checkpoint.


 Israeli narrative:

At the time of the incident, the Israeli media was quick to describe the child victim as a terrorist. The Israeli newspaper “Haaretz” described what happened as follows: ” The terrorist Mahmoud Shaalan arrived at the checkpoint in Ramallah, stabbed an Israeli soldier, was shot by an Israeli military force but tried to attack the soldiers again. As a result, he was fired at again. It is worth mentioning that he had received medical treatment from the IDF and from Magen David Adom (the Israeli national emergency service). After the attack, the body was left onsite for investigation and identification, as has been recognized by the Palestinians. The body was covered and protected by IDF soldiers as the incident was undergoing an investigation and the results were to be submitted to the Military Advocate General Office [1]. ”

Recital of facts:

Mahmoud Shaalan was traveling with his family between America and the town of Deir Debwan, East of the city of Ramallah. He then moved with his mother to settle in Deir Debwan to learn Arabic with an intention to pursue his higher studies in America as he had always wanted to study medicine particularly as he was considered an outstanding student in school [2] He lived with his mother and three sisters whilst his older brother studied mechanical engineering in America.

Incident Summary:

Friday, 02.26.2016. The boy Shaalan decided to go to the house of his aunt in Al-Bireh where he used to go every Friday according to testimony of his aunt. The house is located on the western side of Beit El checkpoint and is only a three-minute drive away. He preferred to go by foot as he had been receiving treatment for rheumatism [3] Shaalan took a taxi and went to the nearest checkpoint in the nearby village of Betin. He walked further up from the entrance of Betin to the checkpoint, estimated to be a distance of almost 400m and was not carrying anything according to witnesses at the scene[4].

Movement of civilians within this area involves a two way passage at the checkpoint with ID’s being checked before people are granted permission to enter into Betin from Ramallah. The route for those coming from Ramallah had been open with the presence of a few soldiers to check IDs. It is worth noting that concrete fortifications and a military cabin with three soldiers inside was also present that day. One of these soldiers checked IDs, the other guarded, pointing his weapon repeatedly and the third provided cover for the first two from the back and monitored the route leading to Ramallah. There were no instructions in place to prevent civilians from entering or exiting. Residents commented that patrols were seldom seen to be passing through this particular checkpoint.

According to Shaalan’s family’s testimony, the boy wanted to take a short cut and go to his aunt’s house through the Beit El checkpoint rather than the other route which takes more than 45 minutes to reach Al-Bireh, west of the mentioned checkpoint where the house of his aunt is located. He wanted to go through the checkpoint in order to reach the house in 5 minutes.

At almost 04:15 pm, the boy walked through the checkpoint zone on the far right side of the route leading to Al Bireh which indicated that he wanted to avoid confrontation with the soldiers positioned in the centre of the street roundabout as shown in the diagram of the crime scene. [6]

The soldier who was watching the right route moved approximately 8 meters from the centre of the street roundabout from the far north towards the boy at the far right of the route and ordered him to stop at gunpoint. The boy tried to talk to him and pointed to the soldier to express he wanted to cross as stated by eye witnesses but the soldier did not give him a chance to talk. The boy obeyed the orders of the soldier and returned. Whilst in the process of turning, the distance between him and the soldier was only 10 meters and it was then that the soldier shot several bullets at him causing him to fall to the ground.

The boy was left to bleed and no medical aid offered. Several ambulances made it to the site as they were in the nearby Jalazoun refugee camp near Beit El checkpoint yet were prevented from entering by the Israeli soldiers who responded violently to paramedics and treated them in a brutal manner as documented through video clips, images and medics testimonies (enclosed). The Palestinian Military Liaison was contacted by the ambulance officer in order to provide immediate coordination to rescue the boy but the soldiers and their commander denied the paramedics access into the checkpoint [7].

After the intervention of the Palestinian Military Liaison the boy’s body was handed over to the Palestinians at 07:20 pm according to the transfer order that was added to the file of the victim by Red Crescent on the same day “Friday 02/26/2016,” in the presence of the Military Liaison, the Governor of Ramallah, Al Bireh, Dr. Laila Ghannam, and Red Crescent Teams.

The body was kept at the morgue in Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah until the arrival of his father and older brother from America. There had been an autopsy done based on the decision of the Attorney General in Abu Dis Center for Forensic Medicine on: 27/02/2016 AD. The funeral was held on Wednesday 03/02/2016.

Communication has been established between the US Consulate and the victim’s family; the father and uncle, “Abu Ali” in order to determine the circumstances of the case. Communication has also been established between the US Consulate and AVAC to collect evidence, help uncover missing details and investigate fully the circumstances of the incident.

Autopsy results:

The result of the autopsy: Analysis by visual and anatomical findings showed the presence of seven wounds caused by fired bullets.

  1. Three bullets have been found inside the body of the victim.
  2. There are no signs of the bullet being shot from close range.
  3. Autopsy report indicated that the victim was shot as he tried to turn back, the proximity of the wounds being to the right and back of the upper body, shot from a distance and not close range. This indicates he was not in a position to attack.


After studying the case by AVAC, the following has been formally demanded to be handled by the Palestinian attorney general office and parents :


  1. Request the Israeli side to hand over recordings from the cameras at the checkpoint where the crime took place.
  2. Order forensics of the bullets which have been extracted from the corpse.
  3. Order a study of the clothes that have been collected and documented to compare it with the autopsy process.
  4. Request testimonials from medics and eyewitnesses.


The results of these requests are as follows:

  1. No response to the Palestinian Military Liaison in relation to the camera recordings has been given.

2.The bulletss used are the same type within the weapons carried by the soldiers.

  1. Perfect match between clothing examination and the autopsy results.
  2. Testimonies of eyewitnesses contradict the Israeli narrative.



  1. Photos and videos “video” recording.
  2. Recorded evidence of the body.
  3. Eyewitness testimonies.
  4. Paramedic testimonies.
  5. Testimonies by relatives of the victim.
  6. A judicial medical autopsy report, a judicial report examining the bullets and clothing.
  7. A diagram of the crime scene.

Israeli army statement and their narrative of the incident

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